Telling my family's stories
Marshall Martin enlisted in the Civil War on August 1, 1862. He was part of Company C of the 98th Regiment Ohio Infantry. As a 50-year-old man (he was born in 1812, he had to lie about his age in order to enrol, since the ages for enrolment were 16-44 (his age is listed as 44, in fact). This was a common strategy for men who were too old or young to fight officially; graphs of soldier ages show a spike of 17- and 44-year-olds compared to other ages.
His service was short: he was mustered into the service on August 21st of 1862, and died of typhoid fever on February 7th of 1863 in Gallipolis Ohio, leaving his wife Malinda with four minor children (Mary, Margaret, Alfred, and Carlton Adolphus).
According to the company muster rolls, Marshall was present from August 21st to October 31st; absent sick for November and December 1862; the muster roll for January and February 1863 reports that he died February 7th of typhoid fever. The summary of returns reports that he was absent at Lebanon, Kentucky since November 20, 1862; in December he was reported as absent in the hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.
His company descriptive book says that he was 44 years old; 5’8” tall with a dark complexion, blue eyes, and black hair. He was a sadler, and was born in Harrison County, Virginia.
A summary of the 98th Ohio Infantry follows:
Organized August 22, 1862, under Colonel George P. Webster, it left for the field soon after and operated in Kentucky against Kirby Smith. On the 8th of October it took part in the battle of Perryville, sustaining the fearful loss of 230 in killed and wounded, including Colonel Webster, killed early in the action. In February the Regiment moved to Nashville and operated under General Rosecrans. In September it fought at Chickamauga, losing 50 men out of 200 in action. In November it was with Sherman at Mission Ridge and soon after marched to the relief of Knoxville. The Regiment participated in the Atlanta campaign and was in action at Buzzard’s Roost, Resaca, Rome, Dallas, Kenesaw, Peach Tree Creek and Jonesboro. After the fall of Atlanta it pursued Hood northward, returned and marched to the sea, then through the Carolinas, taking part in the Grand Review at Washington and was mustered out June 3d, 1865. (www.ohiocivilwar.com/cw98.html)
Dyer’s compendium gives the following information:
98th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Steubenville, Ohio, August 20, 1862. Ordered to Covington, Ky., August 23, thence to Lexington, Ky., August 27. Retreat to Louisville August 30-September 5. Attached to 34th Brigade, 10th Division, Army of the Ohio, September, 1862. 34th Brigade, 10th Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. District of West Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio, to February. 1863. […]
Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 110 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 125 Enlisted men by disease. Total 247.